Location: a hill in South Australia, Australia
Translation: “Where the devil urinates”
Notes: The longest official one-word placename in Australia
Location: a farm in the Upper Karoo in South Africa
Translation: “Upper end of throat-cut valley” (“hollow” may be better than “valley”)
Location: a village in Andhra Pradesh, India
Translation: “Venkatanarasimharaju’s city”
Notes: The longest one-word placename in India.
Location: a lake in Manitoba, Canada
Translation: “where the wild trout are caught by fishing with hooks”
Notes: The longest official one-word placename in Canada.
Location: Lapland, Finland
Language: Finnish (northern dialect)
Translation: Unknown etymology, probably gibberish (see entry for more)
Notes: The longest official one-word placename in Finland, and the second longest in Europe.
Location: Azpilkueta, Navarra, Spain.
Translation: The low field of high pen of Azpilkueta
Location: a farm in the North West province of South Africa
Translation: “The spring (lit. ‘fountain’) where two buffaloes were cleanly killed with a single shot” (or perhaps “shot stone dead”)
Notes: The longest one-word placename in Africa.
Short-forms: Lake Chaubunagungamaug (17 letters)
Location: a lake in Webster, Massachusetts, United States
Translation: “Fishing Place at the Boundaries – Neutral Meeting Grounds”
Notes: Believed to be the longest official one-word placename in the United States.
Short-forms: Llanfair PG (10 letters), Llanfairpwll (12 letters) or Llanfairpwllgwyngyll (20 letters)
Location: Isle of Anglesey, Wales, United Kingdom
Translation: “Saint Mary’s Church in a hollow of white hazel near the swirling whirlpool of the church of Saint Tysilio with a red cave”
Notes: The longest official one-word placename in Europe.
Short-forms: Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateapokaiwhenuakitanatahu (57 letters), Taumata (7 letters)
Location: North Island, New Zealand
Translation: “The summit where Tamatea, the man with the big knees, the climber of mountains, the land-swallower who travelled about, played his nose flute to his loved one”
Notes: Listed in the Guinness World Records as the longest official placename in the world.